Modals and related verbs & 100++vocabs

  • we can use ought to, should, must, have to, and (be) able to  for present simple
  • we can could, were/was able to, had to for past simple
  • should, must, ought to do not have past simple forms
  • to form sentences with these verbs :
  1. dont add third person(s) except with have/has to and am/is/are able to
  2. use have to instead of must and should instead of ought to for questions
  3. dont use the auxiliary do in questions, negatives, or short answers, except with have to
  • we use must for 
  1. written rules: All students must show their ID cards
  2. things which we think are important to so : I must do some revision this weekend
  3. strong advice : You must stop smoking
  • we use mustn’t when something is
  1. forbidden by law/rule : You mustn’t use a mobile phone in the hospital
  2. an obligation : We mustn’t forget to buy Jim a birthday card
  • we use have to for
  1. rules : if you lose a library book, you have to buy a new one
  2. laws : you have to get visa to travel to the USA
  3. external obligation : he has to do his homework first
  • we use dont have to for
  1. when something isnt necessary : you dont have to buy me a birthday present – a card is enough
  • we use should/shouldnt and ought/ought not to , to
  1. give advice: you shouldn’t get married after only two weeks together! you ought to wait at least a year!
  2. explain a duty/responsibility : if you saw the accident, you ought to phone to see a doctor
  3. make suggestions : you shouldnt spend so much money; you ought to are a doctor.
  • we use can/cant (present) and could/coudldn’t (past) for
  1. ability : i could understand the joke but i didnt think it was funny
  2. possibilty : you can go there by plane, coach, or planet
  3. permission : you can go when the light is green
  4. laws : people couldnt vote at eighteen when i was young
  5. rules : you can’t smoke in my house
  • we use the correct form of be able to for ability in tense where there is no approriate kind of can. ex : i’ll be able to paint your kitchen next weekend; they won’t be able to come to your party.

VOCAB

  1. adolescence
  2. born
  3. bring up
  4. childhood
  5. chore
  6. fall out with
  7. get on with
  8. go out with a friend
  9. grow out of
  10. grow up
  11. leave the table
  12. look after
  13. look down on somebody
  14. make fun of
  15. make up with
  16. parent
  17. rebel against
  18. rule
  19. socialise
  20. spend the night
  21. stay out late
  22. strict
  23. take care of
  24. take something personally
  25. teenager 
  26. toodler
  27. upbringing
  28. change a light bulb
  29. clear the table
  30. do the cooking/dishes/washing up/shopping/vacumming
  31. hang up a picture/your clothes
  32. iron your clothes
  33. make your bed
  34. set the table
  35. sweep the floor 
  36. take out the rubbish
  37. absent minded
  38. adventurous/unadventurous
  39. affectionate
  40. aggresive
  41. attractive
  42. bossy
  43. conscientious
  44. considerate/inconsiderate
  45. cruel
  46. decisive/indecisive
  47. delicate
  48. forgetful
  49. fun loving
  50. funny
  51. gloomy
  52. hardworking
  53. intelligent
  54. kind/unkind
  55. lazy
  56. mature/immature
  57. mean
  58. modest
  59. nasty
  60. optimistic
  61. outgoing
  62. personality
  63. polite/impolite
  64. practical/impratical
  65. predictable/unpredictable
  66. proud
  67. reckless
  68. reliable/unreliable
  69. rude
  70. secure/insecure
  71. self centred
  72. self disciplined
  73. sensitive
  74. shrewd
  75. shy
  76. sociable/unsociable
  77. stubborn
  78. thoughtful
  79. timid
  80. tolerant/intolerant
  81. unconventional
  82. upset
  83. worried
  84. attend
  85. behave
  86. boarding scchool
  87. classroom
  88. coeducational
  89. comprehensive school
  90. day school
  91. discipline
  92. exchange programme
  93. fee paying school
  94. high school
  95. independent shool
  96. school subject
  97. single sex school
  98. state school
  99. accurate
  100. advise
  101. career
  102. fix
  103. harmless
  104. impress
  105. join
  106. military service
  107. opportunity
  108. peace and quiet
  109. prevent
  110. refuse
  111. role
  112. rehearsal
  113. shade
  114. stereotype
  115. taste

Posted on November 23, 2015, in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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